Mastixia arborea, also known as the Indian Mastixia, is a tropical tree that belongs to the family Sapotaceae. It is native to India, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia, and is also found in other tropical regions such as Africa and Australia.
The Indian Mastixia tree grows up to a height of 20 meters and has a dense, spreading canopy. Its leaves are simple, alternate, and oval-shaped, with a glossy green color and a smooth texture. The tree produces small, white flowers that are arranged in clusters, and these are followed by small, fleshy fruits that turn reddish when ripe.
The Indian Mastixia has various uses in traditional medicine, particularly in Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani medicine systems. Its bark, leaves, and fruits have been used for centuries to treat a wide range of health conditions, such as diarrhea, dysentery, fever, and skin diseases. The tree is also believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, and has been used to relieve pain and inflammation.
In addition to its medicinal uses, the Indian Mastixia tree is also used for various other purposes. The wood is hard, durable, and termite-resistant, and is used for construction, furniture, and carving. The tree also yields a gum resin, which is used as a binder and adhesive in various industrial applications.
Overall, the Indian Mastixia is a valuable tree that has been used for centuries for its medicinal and other properties. Its leaves, bark, and fruits have been utilized in traditional medicine systems, while its wood and gum resin have industrial uses.